Current situation and development trend of book an

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With the improvement of people's quality of life and the enhancement of health awareness, the scope of paper consumption continues to expand. Paper products have jumped out of the survival circle as a carrier of culture, education and life, and become one of the basic raw materials necessary for all industries of the national economy

consumption of paper products tends to increase

data show that at present, the total assets and sales of the world's paper industry have reached more than US $400 billion and more than US $300 billion respectively, becoming another important industry after telecommunications manufacturing and automotive industry. In China, the consumption of paper products has not only moved from hotels and restaurants to street stalls and shops, but also swaggered into ordinary people's families. It has quickly become one of the consumer goods closest to the majority of consumers in modern life. The production and consumption of paper products are increasing at a rate of more than 10% per year, and will exceed 10million tons by this year, with great market potential. Therefore, the paper industry has become a hot industry for economic development both abroad and at home

overview of production and demand of world book printing paper

book printing paper is a bulk product of the paper industry, with an average annual sales amount of US $65billion, accounting for 35% of the total sales amount of world paper and paperboard

the consumption of world book printing paper is concentrated in North America (24.8 million tons in 1990, 30.6 million tons in 1997, with a growth rate of 21.37%), Western Europe (20 million tons in 1990, 25.5 million tons in 1997, with a growth rate of 23.19%), Asia (16.9 million tons in 1990, 27.6 million tons in 1997, with a growth rate of 43.31%), and Chinese Mainland (3.6 million tons in 1990, 9.1 million tons in 1997, with a growth rate of 25.3%)

from the above figures, it can be seen that: 1) the consumption of printing paper for books and periodicals in Asia ranks first in the world, surpassing Europe; 2) The consumption of book printing paper in Europe is lower than its production, and it is the net export region of book printing paper in the world; 3) Asia is a net importer; The production and consumption of book printing paper in North America ranks first, and the demand is slightly greater than the supply, but it is basically balanced. The internal production and sales in this region are booming and the market is booming

uses and varieties of book printing paper

various uses of book printing paper in the world and their consumption share in the total consumption are as follows: business printing products account for 18%; Books account for 7%; Small size paper accounts for 14%; 8% of samples; Inserts account for 5%; Magazines account for 17%; Business tables account for 9% of the technical energy of the solar photovoltaic industry; Other 9%. This share basically indicates the use of book printing paper in developed countries. Due to the differences in social and historical conditions and cultural and economic development levels of countries around the world, the use structure of book printing paper will change greatly

the varieties of books and periodicals printing paper can be divided into two categories, four main varieties

the first category is mechanical wood pulp printing paper, which is the continuation of paper varieties and developed through the improvement and improvement of paper quality. It contains more than 70% of all kinds of mechanical wood pulp and less than 30% of chemical wood pulp, which has good ink absorption and opacity, higher strength than paper, better printing performance and operation performance; It can meet the printing requirements of high-speed rotary printing machine, with low cost and low price. This is a kind of printing paper that has developed rapidly in western countries recently

the second type is chemical wood pulp printing paper, or "superior paper" and "advanced paper". It contains no less than 90% chemical wood pulp and no more than 10% mechanical wood pulp. Among the chemical wood pulp contained, one part is coniferous chemical wood pulp, and the other part is broadleaf chemical wood pulp. The ratio of these two parts of chemical wood pulp varies with the paper and seed pulp. Chemical wood pulp printing paper has high whiteness, good strength and good printing performance. It can print exquisite pictures, albums and books, which is durable and can be preserved for a long time

mechanical wood pulp printing paper and chemical wood pulp printing paper are both uncoated and coated. Therefore, there are four main varieties of printing and writing paper: 1) uncoated mechanical wood pulp printing paper; 2) Coating mechanical wood pulp printing paper; 3) Uncoated chemical printing paper; 4) Coated chemical wood pulp printing paper

the output of uncoated chemical wood pulp printing paper is the largest, accounting for about 50% of the total, and the other three products each account for about 16% of the total. It is predicted that the development speed of coated chemical wood pulp printing paper is relatively fast, and its output will significantly increase as a percentage of the total by 2010. The development of uncoated mechanical wood pulp printing paper is slow, and some of its uses may be replaced by coated mechanical wood pulp paper

China's publishing industry has developed rapidly

with the continuous deepening of reform and opening up and market economy, China's publishing industry has shown the characteristics of rapid development and great progress in recent years, and has maintained a good trend of sustained, stable and rapid development for more than ten consecutive years. A statistics at the end of 1998 showed that the profit growth rate of 20% has exceeded the generally promising industries such as insurance and pharmaceutical industry, ranking fourth among the 33 industries, and the book publishing industry has become a sunrise industry

the production of books and periodicals printing paper in China is developing rapidly

books and periodicals printing paper in China mainly includes letterpress paper, offset books and periodicals paper, double-sided offset paper and light-weight coated paper. It is an important raw material for printing books, textbooks and periodicals. Its production and construction is related to the development and prosperity of the periodical printing industry

after entering the 1980s, the problems of short supply of books and periodicals printing paper and poor paper quality have attracted great attention of relevant national departments. In December, 1986, the former State Economic Commission pointed out in the document "several policies and measures on accelerating the development of China's printing and equipment industry": "paper is a prominent weak link. Fundamentally speaking, if the technical transformation of the paper industry is not solved, the technical transformation task of the printing industry cannot be completed." Under the overall arrangement of the printing technology and equipment coordination group of the former National Economic Commission, the technical transformation projects of key book and periodical printing paper mills such as Jincheng, Yueyang and Yuanjiang were included in the "development plan of printing technology and equipment", which not only accelerated the project progress of key book and periodical printing paper mills, but also led a large number of paper mills to accelerate the pace of developing book and periodical printing paper. In 1998, among the total output of 2.32 million tons of book printing paper in China, book paper suitable for offset printing accounted for about 73%

thus created a new trend that the printing paper of books and periodicals changed from convex paper to offset paper, giving priority to ensuring the supply of paper for printing color textbooks in large cities

the development trend of China's book printing paper

in April 1998, the China printing and Equipment Industry Association put forward the "28 character" policy for the development of China's printing and equipment technology in 2010: "Prepress digital and networking; printing multicolor and high efficiency; post press diversity and automation; high quality and serialization of equipment." At the same time, it is required that the development trend of printing paper is quantitative, high-quality and multi variety. In terms of paper, book paper, packaging and decoration paper, we should focus on improving the proportion of wood and the quality of straw pulp in the original trend, so as to improve the strength of paper, increase opacity and strengthen surface properties

according to the planning requirements of the publication administration, the development rate of books (including books, textbooks and pictures) and periodicals from 2001 to 2010 will increase at an average annual rate of 7%. By 2010, the paper consumption of books and periodicals will be about 2.6 million tons. The printing paper of books and periodicals within the scope of national publishing planning accounts for about 40% of the total consumption of printing paper of books and periodicals in China. According to this calculation, the national demand for book printing paper will reach 6.5 million tons to 6.7 million tons in 2010. It can be seen that the prospect of printing paper for books and periodicals in China is very broad

the rapid growth of China's paper consumption

with the rapid development of publishing, book printing, cultural information, commodity packaging and other industries, the consumption demand for paper products in the Chinese market will increase at an alarming rate. The growth rate of China's paper industry should be higher than the GDP growth rate and slightly higher than the average industrial growth rate. If the average growth rate of China's future GDP is expected to be 8%, it is predicted that it will reach 70-80 million tons in 2010. If such a huge market can be met through the development of domestic production, the paper industry and forestry will become a new growth point of China's national economic development. See Table 1 for the market demand forecast of major varieties in 2000 and 2010

Table 1 market demand forecast of China's major paper products in 2000 and 2010

forecast in 1995 2000 forecast in 2010

total amount of paper and demand difference paperboard 10000 tons

annual growth rate% 26505 4 5.. 9

of which: the total amount of paper is 10000 tons 85

annual growth rate% 8 0 8.. 9

the total amount of printing and writing paper is 10000 tons

annual growth rate% 6204 1 5.. 3

the total amount of coated paper is 10000 tons

annual growth rate% 67.58 3 6.. 4

the total amount of coated white paperboard is 10000 tons

annual growth rate% 97.89 8 9.. 2

the total amount of kraft linerboard is 10000 tons

annual growth rate% 165.39 5 7.. 5

the total amount of high-strength corrugated base paper is 10000 tons

annual growth rate% 116 12 5 10.. 0

China's export of paper has increased sharply in recent years

China's paper equipment industry is far behind the paper industry, and most of the advanced equipment required by the technological transformation projects of paper enterprises in recent years must be imported. In 1998, the import of paper machinery reached 560 million US dollars, which greatly affected the investment benefits of China's paper industry

including precision thermoplastic extrusion, secondary processing and silica gel manufacturing and assembly. In order to promote economic growth, China continued to implement an active fiscal policy in 1999, issuing an additional 60billion yuan of treasury bonds, of which 9billion yuan was used to support key technological transformation. The paper industry has been listed as one of the key supporting industries. In order to improve the localization level of papermaking supply, the State Economic and Trade Commission requires that the equipment required for this financial interest subsidy technological transformation project should be based on the domestic market. It is necessary to ensure the selection of technologically advanced equipment to ensure the implementation of the marking objectives of the technological transformation project, and to promote the localization of equipment and drive the development of the equipment industry

China urgently needs to develop book printing paper

the consumption level of paper and paperboard is an important symbol to measure the level of a country's economic and cultural development. The per capita consumption of paper and paperboard in China has great market potential. The quality and grade of most domestic varieties are low, which is difficult to meet the needs of the domestic market. In recent years, the number of various types of paper imported by China has been increasing every year. Therefore, the research and development of new products and the improvement of product quality and self-sufficiency rate can not only meet the needs of the domestic market, but also save a lot of foreign exchange, which has obvious economic and social benefits

during the Ninth Five Year Plan period, China's paper industry faced three major constraints: capital, environmental protection and raw materials. Moreover, China's paper market was, is or will be self-sufficient. So far, in addition to the 5million ton market already occupied by imported paper, there is still a 6million ton market supply gap. Therefore, international paper traders attach great importance to China's market. In the future, China will mainly develop printing books and periodicals paper: low weight paper, low weight coated paper, super calendered paper, etc

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